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BEST PRACTICES:

Success stories on benefit-sharing measures

In the South, policies on benefit sharing - if any - are provided in laws and regulations on access to biological resources, sometimes in legislation on the protection of biological diversity, and - in the case of India - in its plant variety protection law. Countries with legislation on indigenous peoples' rights often include provisions on benefit sharing in these laws, which then also cover indigenous farmers. Despite all these efforts, so far there have been no examples of direct benefit sharing between providers and receivers of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture resulting from such legislation.

There are, however, other ways of sharing benefits, which are mostly not provided for in legislation, and often implemented by or through NGOs. Farmers generally participate more or less in the sharing of non-monetary benefits. In the international stakeholder survey carried out in 2005 (Andersen, 2005), the most frequently mentioned non-monetary benefits were:
   access to seeds and propagating material, and related information
   participation in the definition of breeding goals
   participatory plant breeding in collaboration between farmers and scientists
   strengthening of farmers' seed systems
   conservation activities, including local gene banks
   enhanced utilization of farmers' varieties, including market access

The 2005 survey showed that - for many reasons - benefit sharing is more promising when the point of departure is the farming communities that actually contribute to the maintenance of plant genetic diversity.


Read more:
   Creating incentive structures from the ground in the Philippines
   Community seed fairs in Zimbabwe
   Community gene banking and on-farm conservation in India
   Dynamic Conservation and Participatory Plant Breeding in France
   Participatory plant breeding adding value in Nepal
   Capacity-building for seed potato selection in Kenya
   The Peruvian Potato Park
   Rewarding best practices in Norway
Top top
 In this section:
  BEST PRACTICES
  What is a 'success story' of FR?
  Success stories from the realization of the right to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed
  Success stories on traditional knowledge related to agro-biodiversity
  Success stories on benefit-sharing measures
  Success stories on participation in decision making
  Common features

Photo: Pratap Shrestha, Nepal