The Implications of India's Amended Patent Regime:
sTRIPping away food security and farmers' rights?
| Plahe, Jagjit Kaur (2009):
The Implications of
India's Amended Patent Regime: sTRIPping away food security and farmers'
Third World Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2009, p.
In this article the Indian
government's policy response to the TRIPS agreement is analyzed and the
implications of this response for food security and farmers examined. The
author argues that TRIPS has become one of the most controversial WTO
agreements and that this is due to its wide and far-reaching mandate and
complex socioeconomic implications. It is also argued in the article that the
changes made in the Indian Patents Act in response to TRIPS will compromise the
food sector and the rights of small-scale farmers, by conferring strong rights
on upstream agents who use biotechnology to produce propriatary agricultural
inputs. The author writes that these agents now can exert monopoly price
control over agricultural products for 20 years and have the right to determine
under which conditions farmers and researchers can use patented processes and
products. The article also outlines some policy options the Indian government
can make use of to tighten the scope of patentability in the food
The article is available