Christinck, A., and Tvedt, M. (2015). The UPOV Convention, Farmers’ Rights and Human Rights. An Integrated Assessment of Potentially Conflicting Legal Frameworks. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).
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This study was commissioned by GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It aimed to assess whether plant breeder’s rights (as defined by the 1991 Act of the UPOV Convention) support the progressive realization of the right to food and other human rights; whether they support the realization of Farmers’ Rights enshrined in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA); and whether UPOV-based plant variety protection laws can be considered appropriate for the agricultural conditions of 'developing countries'.