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This Policy Brief builds on field studies conducted in Malawi in March 2022, in which a total of 100 farmers and 48 key informants participated. Some of the main conclusions are that smallholder farmers in Malawi depend on a diversity of crops and varieties to meet nutritional needs and adapt to changes. However, this diversity is disappearing, a process to which official seed policies have contributed. Agrobiodiversity-based community seed banks have great potential to meet these challenges and significantly contribute to local seed and food security.