Peschard, K. (2017). Seed wars and farmers' rights: comparative perspectives from Brazil and India. The Journal of Peasant Studies44(1), 144–168. 

Drawing on interviews with Indian and Brazilian farmers’ rights activists, lawyers, agronomists and plant breeders, this article aims at better understanding how farmers’ rights are protected on paper and implemented on the ground in these two countries. It is shown that India has adopted an ownership approach to farmers’ rights, while Brazil leans towards a stewardship approach. Based on an examination of the progress made in enforcing these rights, it is further argued that the stewardship model adopted by Brazil is more conducive to the realization of farmers’ rights. Finally, the author demonstrates how farmers’ rights provisions in the Brazilian and Indian legislations represent fragile gains that could be curtailed by several bills currently under discussion in the field of seed and plant variety protection.