The controversies were deep and a breakthrough seemed unlikely when negotiators from the North in 1999 decided to meet some of the demands from the South - resulting the long awaited breakthrough.

Photo: dg
The heated debDifferent coloured cornates on Farmers' Rights continued during and after the Leipzig Conference. The breakthrough of the negotiations with regard to Farmers' Rights came at the Eight Regular Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, where the text on Farmers' Rights for the new international agreement was approved. Farmers' Rights had been one of the most contested issues during the negotiations, with highly divergent positions, and the breakthrough on this point marked significant progress in the negotiations towards the new International Treaty in Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in 2001. Read about the International Treaty and the history that followed after its entry into force here. For a detailed account and analysis of the negotiation process, see: